Office of Research, UC Riverside
Amit Roy Chowdhury
Department Chair and Professor
Electrical & Computer Eng
amitrc@ucr.edu
(951) 827-7886


S&AS:INT: Adaptive Autonomous Systems for Vision-Based Ecological Monitoring Over Extended Space-Time Horizons

AWARD NUMBER
009190-002
FUND NUMBER
33378
STATUS
Active
AWARD TYPE
3-Grant
AWARD EXECUTION DATE
8/17/2017
BEGIN DATE
9/1/2017
END DATE
8/31/2021
AWARD AMOUNT
$1,000,000

Sponsor Information

SPONSOR AWARD NUMBER
1724341
SPONSOR
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
SPONSOR TYPE
Federal
FUNCTION
Organized Research
PROGRAM NAME

Proposal Information

PROPOSAL NUMBER
17060839
PROPOSAL TYPE
New
ACTIVITY TYPE
Basic Research

PI Information

PI
Roy Chowdhury, Amit K
PI TITLE
Other
PI DEPTARTMENT
Electrical & Computer Eng
PI COLLEGE/SCHOOL
Bourns College of Engineering
CO PIs
Jenerette, Darrel; Mourikis, Anastasios; Karydis, Konstantinos; Zhu, Qi;

Project Information

ABSTRACT

This project develops technologies to improve natural resource monitoring systems. Specifically, this project investigates how teams of smart and autonomous aerial robots equipped with visual sensors can monitor vegetation health over extended spatial and temporal scales. It addresses the fundamental issues of i) multi-robot collaboration, ii) adaptation of robot trajectories according to the quality of collected visual data, iii) networked decision making under several conflicting constraints, and iv) learning planning and control at real-world dynamic environments. The project further investigates how these four tasks can work seamlessly with each other, under autonomous and real-time operation. In addition to improving vegetation monitoring, the outcomes of this project may benefit several other application domains, including habitat monitoring, border control, forest fire tracking and search-and-rescue operations. Additionally, the project involves several hands-on procedures that are expected to attract undergraduate student participation and enable outreach to K-12 students.

This research addresses the theoretical and technical challenges in order to enable autonomous multi-robot visual monitoring of critical natural resources. A critical step in this effort is to introduce novel algorithmic frameworks that can enable networks of smart and autonomous aerial robots to detect and adapt to observed phenomena, while satisfying multiple - often conflicting - time-varying constraints and mission specifications. To achieve this, the project contributes to three main areas. i) Adaptive visual sensing with focus on the analysis of visual data that can automatically adapt to the environment and the computational constraints. ii) Autonomous aerial robot navigation, developing reliable and energy-efficient autonomous aerial robot navigation strategies under resource constraints. iii) System-level decision-making and adaptation, which will focus on general reasoning, decision-making and control schemes for adaptive resource allocation under the real-time constraints. The project seamlessly merges individual contributions into the proposed Adaptive Resource Monitoring (ARM) system. ARM is cognizant of its environmental, technical and ethical constraints, and issues goal-oriented tasks for each agent. ARM possesses the ability to reflect upon past decisions and reinforce advantageous ones, and is driven by knowledge-rich models and methods. The individual components and the overall system are tested through a rigorous evaluation plan, starting with individual modules and leading up to a system-level evaluation in the application domain.
(Abstract from NSF)